Table of Contents

Purpose & Process
Existing Conditions Analysis

Appendix A
     Pilot Projects

Appendix B
     Landscape Trees

Appendix C
     Landscape Vegetation
Appendix B
Suggested Landsacpe Trees

Loblolly Pine
Pinus taeda

Evergreen pine for soils where water table is close to the surface. Interesting bark with fissures and flat topped plated scale. Habitat for warbler, nuthatch, squirrels, turkey, and nests for bald eagle and osprey.
Eastern White Pine
Pinus strobud

Evergreen pine is common on dry sandy or rocky ridges, but prefers sandy loam soils. Soft bluish-green needles. Seeds are food for red and gray squirrels and songbirds. Often used to stabilize soil on strip mined land.

Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana

Evergreen for a variety of soils, especially barren soils. Favorite food for many birds including cedar waxwing and bobwhite quail. Dense foliage provides roosting and nesting cover for birds.

River Birch
Betula nigra

Produces colorful bark of brown to cinnamon-red with a paper peeling appearance. Commonly planted as an ornamental tree for stream bank restoration and erosion control. Heritage and Dura-Heat are best cultivars.

White Oak
Quercus alba

Tall, strong, impressive ornamental tree for large landscapes. Can grow in a wide variety of soils. Acorns are sweet and used by deer, turkey, squirrels and other wildlife.

Post Oak
Quercus phellos

Drought tolerant oak is often used in urban landscapes and to stabilize poor and erodible soils. Acorns are eaten by wildlife and leaves are used in nest building by squirrels and birds.

Southern Red Oak
Quercus felcata

Tree with a large spreading form that grows in dry, pool, sandy or gravelly soils. Commonly planted for shade in the landscape. Small size acorn eaten by many species of wildlife, and preferred by small songbirds.

Willow Oak
Quercus virginiana

Long-lived, and fast growing oak. Small leaves do not create drainage problems in autumn. Heavy acorn producer is valuable and dependable as wildlife food source.

Scarlet Oak
Quercus coccinea

Relatively small branches spreading from a narrow open crown displaying scarlet fall color. Grows in dry, rocky upland soils. Provides food for turkeys, jays, woodpeckers, and squirrels.

American Holly
Ilex ocaca

Evergreen pyramid shape often retains lower branches that likes especially moist acid soils. Berries are popular food for songbirds, turkeys and small mammals.

Sweetbay Magnolia
Magnolia virginiana

Native magnolia found at swamp edges and other low wet areas. Produces fragrant, creamy white in late spring, with spicy-scented leaves. Seeds are eaten by songbirds and small mammals.

Yellow Poplar
Liriodendron tulipifera

Makes an impressive shade tree with blooms. Grows in most sites but prefers moist soils along streams and lowlands. Seeds are eaten by larger birds. Flowers are an important nectar source for honeybees.

Platanus occidentalis

Tree has a straight, massive trunk with spreading crown and distinctive bark with a camouflage appearance. Large hollow trees serve as roosting and nesting sites, and songbirds eat its seeds.

Amelanchier arborea

Found in moist slopes and understory of forests. Showy white flowers bloom in spring before the leaves, making a good ornamental tree. Numerous birds eat the resulting berries.

Cornus florida

Large white showy bracts appear in mid spring, grown best as a low understory ornamental tree. 35 species of birds will eat the red fruit along with small mammals.

Oxydendrun arboreum

Found in moist slopes and understory of forests. Showy white flowers bloom in spring before the leaves, making a good ornamental tree. Numerous birds eat the resulting berries.

Eastern Redbud
Cercis Canadensis

Understory tree in moist woodlands. Valuable as an ornamental for small landscape areas because of clusters of early spring blooms. Some birds will eat the seeds.

Fringe Tree
Chinonanthus virginicus

Often grown as a large shrub. Fragrant, string-like blooms cover the plant in mid spring, making it a good ornamental. Grows in sun or part shade but likes moist fertile soils.

Red Maple
Acer rubrum

Tolerates a wide variety of soil conditions. Popular as a shade tree and noted for brilliant fall color. Seeds are eaten by birds and mice. Do not plant near paved areas because of shallow roots.