Table of Contents

Purpose & Process
Existing Conditions Analysis
Goals
Recommendations

Appendix A
     Pilot Projects

Appendix B
     Landscape Trees

Appendix C
     Landscape Vegetation
Appendix C
Suggested Landsacpe Vegetation

Feather Reed Grass
Calamagrostis X Acutiflora

Ornamental grass grows in medium to wet soils, and does well in heavy clay soils. Prefers soils that do not dry out.
3'-5' height
Winter scouring rush
Equisetum hyemale

Ornamental evergreen grass that prefers wet soils and full sun to part shade, and will grow in standing water. Very aggressive in spreading.
2'-4' height

Switch Grass
Panicum virgatum

Ornamental grass for medium to wet soils, preferring full sun. Leaves turn yellow for fall color with pink tinged tips. Seeds are food source for birds.
3'-6' height


Northern sea oats
Chasmanthium latifolium

Shade tolerant ornamental grass grows in well-drained soil but found along stream beds. Seed heads turn purplish bronze then coppery color in winter.
2'-4' height


Blue flag iris
Iris Virginica 'Purple Fan'

Grows in wet boggy conditions in full sun. Sometimes found in standing water and wetlands.
2'-3' height


Yellow cutleaf coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata

Yellowish green flowers are produced on a plant found in floodplains and moist soils. Flowers arrive in late summer and autumn.
3'-8' height


Summersweet
Clethra alnifolia

Deciduous shrub for full sun or part shade. Prefers part shade with moist soils and tolerates clay. Late summer produces sweetly fragrant flower spikes.
3'-6' height


Oakleaf hydrangea
Hydrangea quercifolia
'Syke's Dwarf'

Grows well in moist woodland environments with partial shade. Flower spikes occur in late spring and last into summer. Exfoliating bark adds interest.
2'-4' height


Virginia Sweetspire
Itea Virginica 'Henry's Garnet'

Native deciduous shrub blooms with small fragrant flowers in May through June. Grows in average soils in full sun or part shade.
3'-4' height


Witherod Virburnum
Viburnum Nudum 'Winterthur'

Shrub preferring medium to wet soils and some sun and shade. Native to low woods, swamps, and bogs. White flowers are produced in May followed by berries changing color.
5'-12' height


Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta

Summer and autumn blooming native annual or perennial prefers full sun. Grows in a wide range of soils.
2'-3' height


Queen of the Prarie
Filipendula Rubra

Perennial grows in full sun to part shade in wet to medium soils, but native to swamps. Produces tiny pink flowers in early summer. 6'-8' height


Pickerelweed
Pontederia cordata

Shallow freshwater plant growing 3-4 feet high. Good for low borders of water where views are important. Flowers blooming June through November attract bees and dragonflies.


Arrowhead / Duck Potato
Sagittaria latifolia

Large broad leaves on perennial growing 1-4 feet tall. Grows in shallow wet sites along lakes and marshes.


Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata

Deep pink flowers cluster at top of 2-6 foot high stems. Prefers swamps and wet shorelines. Provides food for monarch butterflies.


Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis

Grows in damp sites, especially along streams. Red flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds in late summer to fall. Height reaches 2-5 feet.


Evergreen Wood Fern
Dryopteris intermedia

Takes shade to partial sun, and a wide range of soil moisture. Native in the Virginia Piedmont and the Coastal Plain.


Sensitive Fern
Onoclea sensibilis

Tolerates partial to full sun, and medium to moist soil conditions. Native in the Virginia Piedmont and the Coastal Plain.


Christmas Fern
Polysticum acrostichoides

Best in shade and medium soil moisture. Native in the Virginia Piedmont and the Coastal Plain.


Wild ginger
Asarum canadense

Partial to full shade and medium soil moisture. Also native to the Virginia Piedmont and the Coastal Plain.


Christmas Fern
Polysticum acrostichoides

Best in shade and medium soil moisture. Native in the Virginia Piedmont and the Coastal Plain.


Wild ginger
Asarum canadense

Partial to full shade and medium soil moisture. Also native to the Virginia Piedmont and the Coastal Plain.


Green and Gold
Chrysogonum virginianum

Short aster-like. Tolerates full sun to shade and a full range of soil moistures. Found in open woods and limestone, and native to the Chesapeake Bay region. Yellow flowers from March to June.


Partidgeberry
Mitchella repens

Evergreen groundcover tolerates partial sun to shade in sandy or loamy soils in a range of moisture conditions.


Allegheny Spurge
Pachysandra procumbens

Eastern U.S. native groundcover with mottled evergreen foliage and spikes of white flowers in early to mid spring. Favors part shade to shade and moist soils.


Moss Phlox, Moss Pink
Phlox subulata

Full sun loving, preferring dry soils of most types. Rose, pink, or white spring flowers. Native to the Virginia Piedmont.