Table of Contents

Purpose & Process
Existing Conditions Analysis
Goals
Recommendations
     Develop and promote a
     sustainable ecology

         Objective 1
         Objective 2

     Strengthen the community
     image

         Objective 3
         Objective 4

     Promote personal and
     property safety

         Objective 5
         Objective 6
         Objective 7

     Strengthen sense of
     community in a
     diverse population

         Objective 8
         Objective 9

Appendix A
     Pilot Projects

Appendix B
     Landscape Trees

Appendix C
     Landscape Vegetation
Recommendations:
Develop and promote a sustainable ecology


Objective 1
Preserve, enhance, reinforce the natural setting


As stated, the Pinewood Lake community has unique and appreciated assets worth preserving with its lake, parkland, and undeveloped natural areas. All this also promotes native wildlife that adds to the natural setting. However, several forces and undertakings work to slowly diminish the importance or the strength of these assets. Programs and decisions that maintain and augment the natural setting should be implemented.


1.
Some of the older trees and vegetation at Pinewood Lake are showing age and are deteriorating. Develop a program to replace the trees and vegetation being lost in order to maintain and expand the tree cover, natural woodland beauty, and habitat for wildlife. Select varieties of tree species to both reduce possibility of monoculture collapse, and to promote the greatest diversity of wildlife. Native trees can withstand natural pests and disease better than non-natives, and have a more symbiotic relationship with native wildlife.

Maintain health of existing trees by providing proper care and growing environment. Avoid overcrowding which promotes disease and competition for water and nutrients. Avoid mulch mounds to prevent disease in trunks and bark being buried in mulch, and to prevent shallow roots from growing into mulch. Shallow roots buckle adjacent paved areas and allow trees to be easily toppled in winds.

Maintain sections of the community as natural conservation areas, some as wooded parkland areas, and some as open areas, producing a variety of habitats to attract a diverse wildlife population. This again helps prevent a monoculture of vegetation and the problems associated with it. Varying the landscape and vegetation also brings some visual interest to the community.

Provide birdhouses in parklands and conservation areas to encourage nesting birds and promote a diversity of species. Birds help control insect populations, and watching provides a natural pastime and teaching opportunity for residents.

A list of suggested trees and shrubs is located in Appendix B.

 

Improper mounds of mulch promote disease in bark of trees. They also promote roots to grow shallow, buckling adjacent pavement. Shallow roots also offer little anchorage to the tree, allowing it to easily topple over in high winds.

Gramercy Circle as an example of an area to remain open


Treed squares like Central Park Circle as an example of a managed wooded area

2.
Landscaped areas in the community that are highly visible will create a positive impression to visitors and residents. Replace large lawn areas with native plants in natural patterns and layouts to create a more natural, wild landscape to reinforce Pinewood Lake's natural setting. Replacing lawn with native plants and grasses also reduces the need for regular frequent maintenance, reduces watering and fertilizing needs once established, provides habitat for wildlife, and slows storm water runoff.

Provide variation in flowering plants, annuals, grasses, wildflowers, and shrubs. Create color and changing interest throughout the seasons. Mass plantings will bring more visual interest, and can be used for screening or for channeling and framing important views. Locate large landscape beds, especially at the entrance to the community, along intersections of trails, and along the major public streets like Lawrence Street and Lakepark Drive.

Replant new ground covers in areas where lawn areas has been stripped away by grazing geese or has been declining due to an increase in shade. Use plants that are appropriate to the conditions and that are not attractive as food for deer, such as ferns, hollies, and rhododendron in shade areas, tall grasses in more sunny areas.

A list of suggested landscape plants is located in Appendix C.
   


Although not native vegetation, the combination of ground cover, shrubs, and perennials give visual interest and stabilize the bank. However, tall shrubs at trail edges are problems that prevent visibility, creating hiding places and making the trail feel unsafe.


An existing combination of ornamental grasses and large mass planting create a natural appearance in the vegetation planted along Central Park Drive.


Open lawn areas along Lawrence Street can be replaced with native plants and grasses to produce a more natural landscape and reduce regular maintenance.





Examples of natural landscaping with mass plantings in other communities
The lakeside trail can be widened, accommodating walkers two abreast, or allowing users to comfortably pass each other. Sloping areas along the lake can be planted to prevent erosion. Large rocks can be used as a retaining wall at steep slopes, reinforcing the image of a natural setting.


Mass plantings of long-flowering perennials and ornamental vegetation planted at major intersections of streets and trails. Native perennials reduce maintenance, attract wildlife, and do not require repeated planting. A small stone retaining wall reinforces the natural character and helps protect the planting bed from foot traffic.


Proposed locations of natural, park, and prominent landscaped areas